Autumn Budget Report November 2018

Chancellor Philip Hammond has delivered his second Autumn Budget, exactly five months before Britain is due to leave the European Union.

The Chancellor was in bullish mood, asserting that the era of austerity is ëfinally coming to an endí after a ëlong, hard journeyí. However, he maintained that UK debt remains too high and highlighted the importance of continuing to reduce debt and borrowing.

Published: November 1, 2018


AUTUMN BUDGET REPORT
NOVEMBER 2018

HAMMOND DELIVERS
PRE-BREXIT BUDGET
FOR A BRIGHTER FUTURE

Chancellor Philip Hammond has delivered his second Autumn Budget, exactly five months before Britain is due to leave the European Union.

The Chancellor was in bullish mood, asserting that the era of austerity is ‘finally coming to an end’ after a ‘long, hard journey’. However, he maintained that UK debt remains too high and highlighted the importance of continuing to reduce debt and borrowing.

Citing the latest economic forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility, Mr Hammond revealed that the UK growth forecast has been upgraded from 1.3% to 1.6% for 2019, while public borrowing in 2018/19 is set to be £11.6bn lower than previously forecast at the time of the Spring Statement.

With the Brexit negotiations ongoing, the Chancellor announced an additional £500m of departmental funding for Brexit preparations. He also raised the possibility of upgrading the 2019 Spring Statement to a ‘full fiscal event’ if no deal was agreed.

Key announcements for businesses include a two-year cut in business rates for small retail properties in England from April 2019, worth £900m, together with a £675m fund to help rejuvenate high streets. The Annual Investment Allowance will also increase from £200,000 to £1m for a period of two years.

Meanwhile, individual taxpayers are set to benefit from a bringing forward of the planned increase in the income tax personal allowance, which will rise by a further £650 in April 2019 to £12,500. The higher rate threshold will also increase from £46,350 to £50,000. However, from 2021, both thresholds will rise in line with CPI inflation.

The stamp duty relief for first-time home buyers will be extended to shared equity purchases of up to £500,000, while the lifetime allowance for pension savings will increase to £1,055,000.

As widely anticipated, the Chancellor confirmed plans to introduce a new tax on the UK revenues of digital services companies from 2020, applying to those with global sales of more than £500m per annum. However, plans for a tax on takeaway coffee cups were overruled in favour of a new tax on plastic packaging containing less than 30% recycled material.

Turning to duties, tax on beer, most cider and spirits have been frozen. Wine duty will rise in line with inflation, while tobacco duty will continue to rise by inflation plus 2%.

Other announcements include confirmation of an extra £20.5bn for the NHS over the coming five years, together with additional funding to help welfare claimants transfer to Universal Credit. An additional £950m will be made available for the Scottish government, £550m for the Welsh government and £320m for the Northern Ireland Executive for the period to 2020/21.

BUDGET HIGHLIGHTS

  • Two-year cut in business rates for small retail properties from April 2019
  • Increase in personal allowance brought forward to April 2019
  • New 2% Digital Services Tax to be introduced
    from 2020
  • Annual Investment Allowance increasing
    to £1m
  • Stamp duty exemption for first-time buyers extended to shared equity homes
  • New tax on non-recycled plastic packaging
  • VAT threshold to remain unchanged until
    April 2022
  • Access to Employment Allowance restricted
    from April 2020

BUSINESS TAX AND INVESTMENT INCENTIVES

CORPORATION TAX

Corporation tax rates are as follows:

FINANCIAL YEAR FROM
1 APRIL 2018
1 APRIL 2019
1 APRIL 2020

Corporation tax rate
19%
19%
17%

ANNUAL INVESTMENT ALLOWANCE (AIA)

The AIA will be temporarily increased from £200,000 to £1m. This change will have effect in relation to qualifying expenditure incurred from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020.

CAPITAL ALLOWANCES – SPECIAL RATE POOL

The rate of writing down allowance on the special rate pool of plant and machinery will be reduced from 8% to 6%. The new rate will be effective from
1 April 2019 for businesses within the charge to corporation tax and 6 April 2019 for businesses within the charge to income tax.

STRUCTURES AND BUILDINGS ALLOWANCE (SBA)

The government will introduce a new SBA to provide relief for qualifying expenditure on new non-residential structures and buildings. Relief will be available for eligible expenditure incurred where all contracts for the physical construction works are entered into on or after 29 October 2018. Relief will not be available for the costs of land or dwellings. The SBA will be available at an annual rate of 2%. This will be at a flat rate, calculated on the amount of original construction expenditure. There will not be a system of balancing charges or balancing allowances on a subsequent disposal of the asset. Instead, a purchaser will continue to claim the annual allowance of 2% of the original cost.

FIRST YEAR ALLOWANCES (FYAS)

Legislation will be introduced to end the FYA and first year tax credits for products on the Energy Technology List and the Water Technology List from April 2020.

The current 100% FYA for expenditure incurred on electric charge-point equipment will be extended for a further four years. It will expire on 31 March 2023 for corporation tax and 5 April 2023 for income tax purposes.

CORPORATE CAPITAL LOSS RESTRICTION

The government will legislate to restrict companies’ use of carried forward capital losses to 50% of capital gains from 1 April 2020. The measure will include an allowance that provides companies unrestricted use of up to £5m capital or income losses each year. An anti-forestalling measure to support this change will have effect on and after 29 October 2018.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) TAX RELIEF

A limit will be introduced on the amount of payable tax credit that can be claimed by a company under the R&D SME tax relief. The limit will be set at three times the companyís total PAYE and NICs payment for the period. The change will have effect for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2020. Any loss that a company cannot surrender for a payable credit can be carried forward and used against future profits.

DIGITAL SERVICES TAX

From April 2020, the government will introduce a new 2% tax on revenues of certain digital businesses which derive value from their UK users.

The tax will:

  • apply to revenues generated from the provision of search engines, social media platforms and online marketplaces
  • apply to revenues from those activities that are linked to the participation of UK users, subject to a £25m per annum allowance
  • only apply to groups that generate global revenues from in-scope business activities in excess of £500m per annum
  • include a safe harbour provision that exempts loss-makers and reduces the effective rate of tax on businesses with very low profit margins.

UK PROPERTY INCOME OF NON-UK RESIDENTS COMPANIES

As previously announced, from 6 April 2020, non-UK resident companies that carry on a UK property business, or have other UK property income, will be charged to corporation tax, rather than being charged to income tax as at present.

CHARITIES

Legislation will be introduced to increase the small trading tax exemption limits. These limits apply to trading that does not relate to the charity’s primary purpose. The current exemption threshold of £50,000 will be changed to £80,000 and the lower band changed from £5,000 to £8,000. The changes will have effect on and after 6 April 2019 for unincorporated charities and from 1 April 2019 for incorporated charities.

CORPORATE INTANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS REGIME

The government will publish detailed proposals on how it intends to partially reinstate relief for acquired goodwill in the acquisition of businesses with eligible intellectual property. It will also alter the regime’s de-grouping charge rules so that a charge will not arise where de-grouping is the result of a share disposal that qualifies for the Substantial Shareholding Exemption. The changes to the de-grouping rules will have effect in relation to de-groupings occurring on or after 7 November 2018.

OFF-PAYROLL WORKING RULES

Responsibility for operating the existing off-payroll working rules, and deducting any tax and NICs due, will move from individuals to the organisation, agency or other third party paying an individual’s personal service company. Small organisations will be exempt. This change will come into effect from 6 April 2020.

EMPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE

The government will legislate to restrict access to the NICs Employment Allowance to employers with an employer NICs liability below £100,000 in their previous tax year. Where employers are connected under the Employment Allowance rules the threshold will apply to their aggregated liability. This will take effect from 2020.

NATIONAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS (NICS)

2019/20 CLASS 1 (EMPLOYED RATES)

EMPLOYEE
EMPLOYER

EARNINGS PER WEEK
%
EARNINGS PER WEEK
%

Up to £166
0
Up to £166
0

£166.01-£962
12
Over £166
13.8

Over £962
2

Entitlement to contribution-based benefits for employees retained for earnings between £118.01 and £166 per week.

The employer rate is 0% for employees under 21 and apprentices under 25 on earnings up to £962 per week.

EMPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE

CLASS 1A (EMPLOYERS)
On employee taxable benefits
13.8%

CLASS 1B (EMPLOYERS)
On PAYE Settlement Agreements
13.8%

CLASS 2 (SELF-EMPLOYED)
Flat rate per week
Small profits threshold
£3.00
£6,365 per annum

CLASS 3 (VOLUNTARY)
Flat rate per week
£15.00

CLASS 4 (SELF-EMPLOYED)
On profits between £8,632-£50,000
Excess over £50,000
9%
*9%

In a change to the government’s previous plans, Class 2 NICs are no longer set to be abolished from April 2019.

NATIONAL MINIMUM WAGE AND NATIONAL LIVING WAGE

Increases in the National Minimum Wage and National Living Wage rates now occur in April each year. The rates applying from 1 April 2019 are outlined below.

APPRENTICES*
16 AND 17
18-20
21-24
25 AND OVER

National Minimum Wage
£3.90
£4.35
£6.15
£7.70

National
Living Wage
£8.21

*Under 19, or 19 or over and in the first year of their apprenticeship.

10

TAX AND TRAVEL

CAR AND FUEL BENEFITS

The taxable petrol and diesel car benefit is based on the car’s CO2 emissions. It is calculated using the car’s UK list price and applying the ‘appropriate percentage’. The diesel supplement increased to 4% from 6 April 2018. It is removed altogether for diesel cars which are certified to the Real Driving Emissions 2 (RDE2) standard. The car fuel benefit is calculated by applying the same percentages to the fuel benefit charge multiplier, which for 2019/20 is £24,100.

2020/21 sees the introduction of a new range of bands with appropriate percentages ranging from 2%-19% for ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs) emitting less than 75 g/km of CO2. Cars with emissions over this amount would see the appropriate percentage set at the lesser of: 20%, plus 1% for each 5 g/km by which emissions exceed 75 g/km; and 37%.

VAT ON FUEL FOR PRIVATE USE IN CARS

Where businesses wish to reclaim the input VAT on fuel which has some degree of private use, they must account for output VAT for which they may use the flat rate valuation charge.

COMPANY VANS
The taxable benefit for the unrestricted private use of vans is £3,430 for 2019/20. There is a further £655 taxable benefit if the employer provides fuel for private travel.

VAN AND FUEL CHARGE
VAN £
FUEL £
TOTAL £

Tax (20% taxpayer)
686.00
131.00
817.00

Tax (40% taxpayer)
1,372.00
262.00
1,634.00

Tax (45% taxpayer)
1,543.50
294.75
1,838.25

Employer’s Class 1A NICs
473.34
90.39
563.73

There is a benefit charge for zero emission vans but there is no fuel benefit for such vans.

11

MILEAGE RATES

Changes to the HMRC business mileage rates are announced from time to time.

The fuel only advisory rates below relate to company cars only and apply from 1 September 2017.

PLUG-IN GRANTS

The government has reformed the plug-in grant scheme, which offers grants towards the purchase of new qualifying ultra-low emission cars. The scheme will now focus on zero emission models such as pure electric and hydrogen fuel cell cars. By 9 November 2018 at the latest, the grant rate for Category 1 vehicles will reduce from £4,500 to £3,500 and Category 2 and 3 vehicles will no longer be eligible. The government has rolled out new plug-in van and motorcycle grants.

VEHICLE EXCISE DUTY (VED) RATES

VED bands and rates from 1 April 2019 for cars first registered on or after 1 April 2017.

For the first year this is based on CO2 emissions. However, new diesel vehicles registered after 1 April 2018 that do not meet the RDE2 standard will be charged a supplement on their First Year Rate to the effect of moving up by one VED band.

After the first year, all vehicles with zero emissions will be exempt from the standard rate of vehicle tax, and all other petrol or diesel vehicles will pay a standard rate of £145 a year. An additional rate will be added to the vehicle tax for all new vehicles with a list price of over £40,000 (including zero emission vehicles). This additional rate of £320 will be payable each year for five years from the end of the first vehicle licence. After the five year period the standard rate will apply.

The government proposes to change to the new worldwide harmonised light vehicle testing procedure (WLTP) for measuring CO2 emissions.

VEHICLE
FIRST
10,000 MILES
THEREAFTER
CAR ñ FUEL ONLY ADVISORY RATES
ENGINE CAPACITY
PETROL
DIESEL
LPG

Car/van
45p
25p
1400cc or less
12p
10p
7p

Motorcycle
24p
24p
1401cc to 1600cc
15p
10p
9p

Bicycle
20p
20p
1601cc to 2000cc
15p
12p
9p

Over 2000cc
22p
13p
13p

CO2 EMISSIONS
APPROPRIATE
PERCENTAGE

(G/KM)
PETROL %
DIESEL %

0 – 50
16
20

51 – 75
19
23

76 – 94
22
26

95 – 99
23
27

100 – 104
24
28

105 – 109
25
29

110 – 114
26
30

115 – 119
27
31

120 – 124
28
32

125 – 129
29
33

130 – 134
30
34

135 – 139
31
35

140 – 144
32
36

145 – 149
33
37

150 – 154
34
37

155 – 159
35
37

160 – 164
36
37

165 and above
37
37

Standard rates which apply from 1 April 2019 for cars registered from 1 March 2001 to 31 March 2017.

VED BAND
CO2 EMISSIONS (G/KM)
STANDARD RATE

A
Up to 100
£0

B
101-110
£20

C
111-120
£30

D
121-130
£125

E
131-140
£145

F
141-150
£160

G
151-165
£200

H
166-175
£235

I
176-185
£260

J
186-200
£300

K*
201-225
£325

L
226-255
£555

M
Over 255
£570

CO2 EMISSIONS (G/KM)
FIRST YEAR RATE

0
£0

1-50
£10

51-75
£25

76-90
£110

91-100
£130

101-110
£150

111-130
£170

131-150
£210

151-170
£530

171-190
£855

191-225
£1,280

226-255
£1,815

Over 255
£2,135

*Includes cars emitting over 225 g/km that were registered before 23 March 2006.

INCOME TAX AND PERSONAL SAVINGS

INCOME TAX RATES AND BANDS

2019/20
2018/19

BAND £
RATE %
BAND £
RATE %

0-37,500
20
0-34,500
20

37,501-150,000
40
34,501-150,000
40

Over 150,000
45
Over 150,000
45

SAVINGS INCOME

2019/20
2018/19

Savings allowance basic rate
£1,000
£1,000

Savings allowance higher rate
£500
£500

A starting rate for savings band of £5,000 at 0% may be available unless taxable non-savings income exceeds the starting rate band.

DIVIDEND INCOME

2019/20
2018/19

Dividend allowance
£2,000
£2,000

Dividend ordinary rate
7.5%
7.5%

Dividend upper rate
32.5%
32.5%

Dividend additional rate
38.1%
38.1%

PERSONAL ALLOWANCES

2019/20
2018/19

Personal allowance
£12,500
£11,850

Personal allowance income limit
£100,000
£100,000

Marriage allowance

Transferable between certain spouses where
neither pay tax above the basic rate
£1,250
£1,190

Married couple’s allowance (relief given at 10%)
Either partner born before 6 April 1935
£8,950
£8,695

  • minimum amount
  • income limit

£3,450
£29,600
£3,360
£28,900

Blind person’s allowance

£2,450
£2,390

SCOTTISH INCOME TAX RATES AND BANDS

Savings and dividend income are taxed using UK rates and bands.

2019/20
2018/19

Rates and bands for 2019/20 will be announced
in the Scottish Budget

BAND £
RATE %

0-2,000
19

2,001-12,150
20

12,151-31,580
21

31,581-150,000
41

Over 150,000
46

WELSH INCOME TAX RATES

From 6 April 2019, the UK government will reduce the basic, higher and additional rates of income tax paid by Welsh taxpayers by 10%, and three Welsh rates of income tax will then be added to the reduced UK rates. The Welsh government proposes to set the first Welsh rates at 10%.

INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS ACCOUNTS (ISAS)

Individuals can invest in any combination of cash or stocks and shares up to the overall annual ISA subscription limit. However, a saver may only pay into a maximum of one Cash ISA, one Stocks and Shares ISA, one Innovative Finance ISA and one Lifetime ISA. The overall investment limit for 2019/20 is £20,000 (£4,368 for junior accounts).

16

CAPITAL TAXES

INHERITANCE TAX

IHT is currently charged at 40% on the proportion of an individual’s estate exceeding the ‘nil-rate band’ of £325,000. Married couples and registered civil partners can pass any unused nil-rate band to one another on death.

A residence nil-rate band (RNRB) now applies in addition to the nil-rate band, allowing a current or former ‘family home’ to be passed wholly or partially tax-free on death to direct descendants.

The RNRB rates are set as follows:

2018/19
£125,000

2019/20
£150,000

2020/21
£175,000

There is a tapered withdrawal of the RNRB for estates valued at more than £2m, at a withdrawal rate of £1 for every £2 over this threshold.

IHT: CHANGES TO RNRB

The RNRB is intended to make it easier to pass on the family home to direct descendants without an IHT charge. A new measure introduces minor technical amendments to the RNRB relating to downsizing provisions and the definition of ‘inherited’ for RNRB purposes. These amendments clarify the working of the downsizing rules, and provide certainty over when a person is treated as ‘inheriting’ property.

This measure will ensure that the RNRB is working in line with the original policy intent, meaning that it cannot be claimed outside of the intended scope and removing any uncertainty for taxpayers.

17

CAPITAL GAINS TAX (CGT)

INDIVIDUALS
2019/20
2018/19

Exemption
£12,000
£11,700

Standard rate
10%
10%

Higher rate/additional rate
20%
20%

TRUSTS
2019/20
2018/19

Exemption
£6,000
£5,850

Rate
20%
20%

Higher rates (18%/28%) may apply to the disposal of certain residential property and carried interest.

ENTREPRENEURS’ RELIEF AND INVESTORS’ RELIEF

The first £10m of lifetime qualifying gains for each relief are charged at 10%. Gains in excess of the limit are charged at the rates detailed above.

ENTREPRENEURS’ RELIEF: MINIMUM QUALIFYING PERIOD EXTENSION

A new measure increases the minimum period throughout which certain conditions must be met to be eligible for Entrepreneurs’ Relief from one year to two years.

This measure affects individuals who dispose of all or part of their business, individuals who dispose of shares in their personal company on or after 6 April 2019, and trustees who dispose of trust business assets.

It will have effect for disposals on or after 6 April 2019, except where a business ceased before 29 October 2018. Where the claimant’s business ceased, or their personal company ceased to be a trading company (or the holding company of a trading group), before 29 October 2018, the existing one year qualifying period will continue to apply.

ENTREPRENEURS’ RELIEF: DEFINITION OF A ‘PERSONAL COMPANY’

A new measure adds two new tests to the definition of a ‘personal company’.

Both conditions, as well as the existing ‘share capital’ and ‘voting rights’ conditions must be met throughout the specified period. The new conditions require the individual to be beneficially entitled to at least:

ï 5% of the company’s distributable profits.

ï 5% of its assets available for distribution to equity holders in a winding up.

The measure has effect for disposals on or after 29 October 2018.

TAXING GAINS MADE BY NON-RESIDENTS ON UK
IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

This measure is intended to ensure equal treatment between UK residents and non-UK residents on disposals of UK immovable property.

It extends the scope of the UK’s taxation of gains accruing to non-UK residents to include gains on disposals of interests in non-residential UK property.

It also extends the charge on gains on disposals of interests in residential property to diversely held companies, those widely held funds not previously included, and to life assurance companies.

The measure also taxes non-UK residents’ gains on interests in UK property rich entities (for example, selling shares in a company that derives 75% or more of its value from UK land).

The measure will have effect for disposals made on or after 6 April 2019.

Anti-forestalling measures are in place.

CGT PAYMENT WINDOW

UK residents will be required to make a payment on account of CGT following the completion of a residential property disposal. The new legislation will also replace and extend the existing reporting and payment on account rules for non-UK residents.

The above changes to the legislation will apply to disposals by non-UK residents on or after 6 April 2019. For UK residents the changes will have effect for disposals on or after 6 April 2020.

CGT PRIVATE RESIDENCE RELIEF: REFORM OF ANCILLARY RELIEFS

From April 2020 the government will make two changes to private residence relief. The final period exemption will be reduced from 18 months to nine months. There will be no changes to the 36 months that are available to disabled persons or those in a care home.

Lettings relief will be reformed so that it only applies in circumstances where the owner of the property is in ‘shared-occupancy’ with a tenant.

VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT)

INHERITANCE TAX

IHT is currently charged at 40% on the proportion of an individual’s estate exceeding the ‘nil-rate band’ of £325,000. Married couples and registered civil partners can pass any unused nil-rate band to one another on death.

A residence nil-rate band (RNRB) now applies in addition to the nil-rate band, allowing a current or former ‘family home’ to be passed wholly or partially tax-free on death to direct descendants.

The RNRB rates are set as follows:

FROM
FROM 1 APRIL 2019
FROM 1 APRIL 2018

Standard rate
20%
20%

VAT fraction
1/6
1/6

Reduced rate
5%
5%

Annual Registration Limit
£85,000
£85,000

Annual Deregistration Limit
£83,000
£83,000

VAT: TREATMENT OF VOUCHERS

The government will implement an EU Directive on the VAT treatment of vouchers to ensure that the correct amount of VAT is charged on what the customer pays, irrespective of whether payment is with a voucher or other means of payment.

This measure introduces legislation providing for the VAT treatment of vouchers issued on or after 1 January 2019. It affects only vouchers for which a payment has been made and which will be used to buy something. The measure does not apply to vouchers issued before 1 January 2019, for which existing rules will continue to apply.

DUTIES

ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO DUTIES

The duty rates will be frozen for:

  • duty rates on beer
  • duty rates on spirits and other drinks above 22% alcohol by volume (abv)
  • duty rates on still cider and perry, and lower strength sparkling cider and perry.

The duty rates on wine and made-wine at or below 22% abv, and high strength sparkling cider above 5.5% abv will rise by RPI inflation from 1 February 2019.

The duty rate on all tobacco products will continue to increase by 2% above RPI inflation. It was also announced that hand-rolling tobacco will rise by an additional 1%, to 3% above RPI inflation this year. The new tobacco duty rates will have effect from 6pm on 29 October 2018.

AIR PASSENGER DUTY (APD)

The long haul rates of APD for the tax year 2020/21 will increase in line with the RPI as forecast at Autumn Budget 2018. Short haul rates will not rise.

Previous plans for the Scottish government to replace APD with Air Departure Tax have been deferred, pending the resolution of issues relating to the exemption for flights departing from the Highlands and Islands.

FUEL DUTY

Fuel duty rates will be frozen for the 2019/20 tax year.

STAMP DUTY LAND TAX (SDLT) AND FIRST-TIME BUYERS RELIEF

As from 22 November 2017, first-time buyers in England and Northern Ireland paying £300,000 or less for a residential property pay no SDLT. First-time buyers paying between £300,000 and £500,000 pay SDLT at 5% on the amount of the purchase price in excess of £300,000.

This Budget announced an extension to first-time buyers relief in England and Northern Ireland so that all qualifying shared ownership property purchasers can benefit, whether or not the purchaser elects to pay SDLT on the market value of the property. This change will apply to relevant transactions with an effective date on or after 29 October 2018, and will also be backdated to 22 November 2017 so that those eligible who have not previously claimed first-time buyers relief will be able to amend their return to claim a refund.

OTHER MEASURES ANNOUNCED

VOLUNTARY TAX RETURNS

Legislation will be introduced in Finance Bill 2018/19 with retrospective and prospective effect to put HMRC’s longstanding practice of accepting voluntary tax returns onto a statutory basis.

These voluntary returns will be put on an equal footing with returns delivered under a formal notice to file and apply to income tax, capital gains tax and corporation tax returns.

BUSINESS RATES RELIEF

Retail properties with a rateable value below £51,000 will see their business rates bills cut by a third for two years from April 2019, subject to state aid limits.

GIFT AID SMALL DONATIONS SCHEME (GASDS)

Currently the GASDS only applies to donations of £20 or less made by individuals in cash or by contactless payment. This limit will increase to £30. Parliamentary timetable permitting, this will become effective from 6 April 2019.

MAKING TAX DIGITAL

The government is phasing in its landmark Making Tax Digital (MTD) initiative, which will see the introduction of a fully digital tax system, with businesses and individuals being required to register, file, pay and update their information via a secure online tax account.

From 1 April 2019, businesses with a turnover above the VAT threshold (currently £85,000) must keep digital records for VAT purposes and provide their VAT return information to HMRC using MTD ‘functional compatible software’. The government recently announced that it has made the decision to delay the mandation of MTD for VAT until 1 October 2019 for a small minority of VAT-registered businesses with ‘more complex requirements’.

Keeping digital records and making quarterly updates will not be mandatory for taxes other than VAT before April 2020, although businesses below the VAT threshold which have voluntarily registered for VAT can opt to join the scheme.

‘Functional compatible software’ is defined as ‘a software program or set of compatible software programs which can connect to HMRC systems via an Application Programming Interface (API)’. The software must be capable of keeping records in digital form; preserving records in digital form for up to six years; creating a VAT return from the records held; providing HMRC with VAT data on a voluntary basis; and receiving information from HMRC via the API platform.

Firms are permitted to keep digital records in a range of compatible software programs. The use of spreadsheets is also permitted, provided that this is in combination with MTD software. However, HMRC has outlined that manual data transfer is not allowed: copying by hand or manual transposition of data into software is not permitted, and cut and paste will not be acceptable in the long-term.

HMRC will not be providing taxpayers with MTD software. Currently, it is working alongside software developers in order to ensure products are on the market by the MTD start date. HMRC will provide a full list of MTD-compatible products as soon as possible: an initial list can be found on the gov.uk website.

WHAT THEY SAID

I PRESENT TO THE HOUSE A BUDGET FOR BRITAIN’S FUTURE; A BUDGET THAT SHOWS THE PERSEVERANCE OF THE BRITISH PEOPLE FINALLY PAYING OFF.

Philip Hammond, Chancellor of the Exchequer

WHAT WE’VE HEARD ARE HALF MEASURES AND QUICK FIXES WHILE AUSTERITY GRINDS ON.

Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the Labour Party

THROUGH THE BUDGET, THE CHANCELLOR IS NOW USING THE STRENGTH OF THE TREASURY TO BACK SMALL BUSINESS.

Mike Cherry, National Chairman of the Federation of Small Businesses

WHILE WE HOPE THE CHANCELLOR’S CONFIDENCE THAT THERE WILL BE A BREXIT DEAL IS WELL-PLACED, FIRMS HAVE TO LOOK AT ALL POSSIBLE SCENARIOS AND WILL BE DEEPLY DISAPPOINTED TO SEE NO FUNDS HAVE BEEN ALLOCATED TO HELPING THEM MAP OUT POTENTIAL OUTCOMES.

Stephen Martin, Director General of the Institute of Directors

IN AN ATMOSPHERE OF UNPRECEDENTED UNCERTAINTY AND HEIGHTENED POLITICAL NOISE, THE CHANCELLOR HAS DEMONSTRATED THAT HE IS LISTENING TO BUSINESS CONCERNS BY DELIVERING A BUDGET THAT SUPPORTS INVESTMENT AND GROWTH.

Dr Adam Marshall, Director General of the British Chambers of Commerce

HOW TO MAKE THE MOST OF OUR SERVICES

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HW FISHER CONTACTS

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E jmorrison@hwfisher.co.uk

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TOBY RYLAND
E tryland@hwfisher.co.uk

HW FISHER

Business advisers – A medium-sized firm of chartered accountants based in London and Watford.

Related entities and specialist divisions:
HW FISHER CORPORATE LIMITED
Corporate finance and business strategy
HW FISHER BUSINESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED
Online accounting and back-office services
HW FISHER FORENSIC
Litigation support, forensic accounting, licensing and royalty auditing
FISHER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES
HOLDINGS LIMITED
Software and Hardware Asset Management, contract and supplier review, licence and audit defence
HW FISHER & COMPANY LIMITED
Advisers to small businesses and start-ups
CBF WEALTH MANAGEMENT LIMITED
Intelligent wealth management and financial services
HW Fisher and HW Fisher & Company Limited are registered to carry out audit work in the UK and in Ireland. A list of the names of the partners of HW Fisher is open to inspection at our offices.
HW Fisher is licensed by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England & Wales to carry out the reserved legal activity of non-contentious probate in England and Wales.
HW Fisher Forensic is a trading name of a specialist division of HW Fisher, Chartered Accountants.
HW Fisher & Company Limited, HW Fisher Corporate Plc, HW Fisher Business Solutions Limited, HW Fisher Forensic Limited, CBF Wealth Management Limited, HW Fisher Consulting LLP and Fisher ITS Limited, are related entities of
HW Fisher, Chartered Accountants.
HW Fisher and HW Fisher & Company Limited are not authorised under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 but are regulated by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales for a range of investment business activities. They can provide these investment services only if they are an incidental part of the professional services they have been engaged to provide.
HW Fisher Corporate Plc is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority under reference 193921.
CBF Wealth Management Limited is an Appointed Representative of Close Brothers Asset Management Limited authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority under reference 119329.

LONDON
Acre House, 11-15 William Road, London NW1 3ER

WATFORD
Acre House, 3-5 Hyde Road, Watford WD17 4WP

T 020 7388 7000 E info@hwfisher.co.uk
W hwfisher.co.uk

Contact us

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